This report was adopted unanimously by 193 UNESCO member states in November 2021.
Open dialogue with other knowledge systems refers to the dialogue between different knowledge holders, that recognizes the richness of diverse knowledge systems and epistemologies and diversity of knowledge producers in line with the 2001 UNESCO Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity. It aims to promote the inclusion of knowledge from traditionally marginalized scholars and enhance inter-relationships and complementarities between diverse epistemologies, adherence to international human rights norms and standards, respect for knowledge sovereignty and governance, and the recognition of rights of knowledge holders to receive a fair and equitable share of benefits that may arise from the utilization of their knowledge. (p. 15)
(See also the related International Science Council publication Science as a global public good, issued in 2020, which set the stage by arguing that “The social contract is shifting to one in which science is open to society: transparent and participative” (p. 20). Both publications emphasize the need for intercultural and international dialogues among knowledge workers.)